The indication, planning, and risk analysis of a pancreatic surgical procedure have recently become increasingly complex. In December 2015, the "Pancreas Round" (PR) meeting was established at our institution to preoperatively review all scheduled cases with a specific focus on surgical indications and technical issues. The present study aims to determine the impact of the PR on the clinical practice in terms of avoiding unrequested laparotomies and anticipating intraoperative pitfalls. A "before-after" study was conducted by retrospectively comparing a pre-intervention period (9/2014-11/2015) to a prospectively assessed post-intervention one (12/2015-3/2017). Outcomes considered were explorative laparotomy (EL) occurrence and a "mismatch" between what was preoperatively expected by the PR and what was intraoperatively found. Of the 1057 patients included in the present study, 531 underwent surgery in the pre- and 526 in the post-intervention period, respectively. The EL rate was comparable between the two periods (15.4% vs. 12.2%, p = 0.123), despite the significant increase of surgical explorations after neoadjuvant chemotherapy during the post-intervention period (27% vs. 18%, p < 0.001). The "mismatch" rate between preoperative planning and intraoperative findings was significantly reduced in the post-intervention period (12.2% vs. 8.4%, p = 0.038) compared to the pre-PR period. In the setting of a high-volume center, a preoperative surgical meeting designed to review all cases scheduled for surgical exploration can enhance the level of care by addressing intraoperative pitfalls.
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