Background: The enjoyment represents children as crucial factor to maintain positive engagement in physical activity. Unfortunately, enjoyment decreases with age and undergoes the physical perceived competence that, in turn, is affected by the anthropometric characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the enjoyment during physical education lessons, even though the anthropometric characteristics affects the performance and in consequence the self-perceived physical competence. Methods: A total of 1999 children (girls =998; boys=1001) were interviewed with Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) and International Fitness Scale (IFIS) questionnaires. The scores were matched with BMI to evaluate the relationships with anthropometric characteristics. No parametric analysis of variance was used to define the categorical differences within the score of the two questionnaires according to BMI and age. Results: The PACES questionnaire revealed a general score of 50.96 with the highest mean value for the item n.1 ("I enjoy it"). This questionnaire confirmed a significant decrease with age (cut-off eight years) while no differences were found within sex and BMI categories. The IFIS showed a decrease from 8 to 11 years (male and female) and significant differences were found within BMI categories. Conclusions: Our results suggested that attention should be paid to improve enjoyment during physical education lessons since the age of eight years in order to improve the positive perceptions of physical competence and then the reinforcement for enjoyment that in turn improve the positive attitude for physical activity.

Enjoyment and self-reported physical competence according to Body Mass Index: international study in European primary school children

Giuriato, Matteo
;
2020

Abstract

Background: The enjoyment represents children as crucial factor to maintain positive engagement in physical activity. Unfortunately, enjoyment decreases with age and undergoes the physical perceived competence that, in turn, is affected by the anthropometric characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the enjoyment during physical education lessons, even though the anthropometric characteristics affects the performance and in consequence the self-perceived physical competence. Methods: A total of 1999 children (girls =998; boys=1001) were interviewed with Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) and International Fitness Scale (IFIS) questionnaires. The scores were matched with BMI to evaluate the relationships with anthropometric characteristics. No parametric analysis of variance was used to define the categorical differences within the score of the two questionnaires according to BMI and age. Results: The PACES questionnaire revealed a general score of 50.96 with the highest mean value for the item n.1 ("I enjoy it"). This questionnaire confirmed a significant decrease with age (cut-off eight years) while no differences were found within sex and BMI categories. The IFIS showed a decrease from 8 to 11 years (male and female) and significant differences were found within BMI categories. Conclusions: Our results suggested that attention should be paid to improve enjoyment during physical education lessons since the age of eight years in order to improve the positive perceptions of physical competence and then the reinforcement for enjoyment that in turn improve the positive attitude for physical activity.
Pleasure
Body Mass Index
School Child
Physical education and training
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1020439
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