Objective: Previous studies showed a significant association between lower plasma adiponectin levels and higher risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Presently, it is uncertain whether lower plasma adiponectin levels are associated with greater plasma thrombin generation in patients with T2DM. Patients and methods: We studied 82 middle-aged men with non-insulin-treated T2DM [mean age ± SD: 64.1 ± 8 years; median duration of diabetes: 12.5 (inter-quartile range 6-19) years; mean hemoglobin A1c 7.0 ± 0.7%], consecutively attending our diabetes outpatient service over a 6-month period. Using the newly developed fully automated thrombin generation analyzer ST Genesia®, we measured the plasma parameters lag time (LT), time to peak (TP), peak height (PH) and endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) in all participants. Results: In univariable linear regression analyses, lower plasma adiponectin levels were significantly associated with higher plasma thrombin generation parameters, as reflected by higher values of PH (Pearson's r coefficient = - 0.228, p = 0.039) and EPT (r = - 0.293, p = 0.007). Plasma adiponectin levels were not significantly associated with other thrombin generation parameters (LT and TP). Notably, the significant associations of plasma adiponectin levels with thrombin PH and EPT values persisted after adjustment for age and adiposity measures, but they were lost after additional adjustment for plasma triglycerides. Conclusion: Our findings show for the first time the existence of a significant association between lower levels of plasma adiponectin and greater plasma thrombin generation (as assessed by the ST Genesia® analyzer) in men with non-insulin-treated T2DM, which appears to be largely mediated by plasma triglycerides.

Association between lower plasma adiponectin levels and higher plasma thrombin generation parameters in men with type 2 diabetes: role of plasma triglycerides

Mantovani, A.
;
Danese, E.;Salvagno, G. L.;Gelati, M.;Turino, T.;Lippi, G.;Targher, G.
2021

Abstract

Objective: Previous studies showed a significant association between lower plasma adiponectin levels and higher risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Presently, it is uncertain whether lower plasma adiponectin levels are associated with greater plasma thrombin generation in patients with T2DM. Patients and methods: We studied 82 middle-aged men with non-insulin-treated T2DM [mean age ± SD: 64.1 ± 8 years; median duration of diabetes: 12.5 (inter-quartile range 6-19) years; mean hemoglobin A1c 7.0 ± 0.7%], consecutively attending our diabetes outpatient service over a 6-month period. Using the newly developed fully automated thrombin generation analyzer ST Genesia®, we measured the plasma parameters lag time (LT), time to peak (TP), peak height (PH) and endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) in all participants. Results: In univariable linear regression analyses, lower plasma adiponectin levels were significantly associated with higher plasma thrombin generation parameters, as reflected by higher values of PH (Pearson's r coefficient = - 0.228, p = 0.039) and EPT (r = - 0.293, p = 0.007). Plasma adiponectin levels were not significantly associated with other thrombin generation parameters (LT and TP). Notably, the significant associations of plasma adiponectin levels with thrombin PH and EPT values persisted after adjustment for age and adiposity measures, but they were lost after additional adjustment for plasma triglycerides. Conclusion: Our findings show for the first time the existence of a significant association between lower levels of plasma adiponectin and greater plasma thrombin generation (as assessed by the ST Genesia® analyzer) in men with non-insulin-treated T2DM, which appears to be largely mediated by plasma triglycerides.
Adiponectin
Plasma thrombin generation
Triglycerides
Type 2 diabetes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1020296
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