Inflammation plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD neurodegeneration and concurrent involvement of the peripheral immune system may promote leukocyte division and telomere shortening. We examined genotypes and plasma levels of two proinflammatory cytokines, IL-1beta and IL-18, and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. We wanted to determine whether changes in plasma IL-1beta and IL-18 levels, together with LTL shortening, could be diagnostic for disease progression from MCI to AD. Median plasma IL-1beta levels were in the order MCI patients (2.2 pg/ml) < AD patients (4.0 pg/ml), both of which differed significantly from the controls (0.0 pg/ml). In the AD patients, the lowest IL-1beta levels were associated with the presence of the C allele of IL-1beta rs16944 SNP. Median plasma IL-18 levels were in the order MCI patients (116.3 pg/ml) > AD patients (85.8 pg/ml), both of which were significantly higher than in the controls (17.6 pg/ml). Analysis of LTL showed a progressive reduction in the order controls > MCI > AD patients (p < 0.0001). Overall LTL reduction was correlated with increased plasma IL-1beta levels, substantiating the hypothesis that inflammatory processes secondary to neuroinflammation may trigger telomere attrition. Changes in plasma IL-1beta and Il-18 levels, and LTL seem to reflect shifts in AD stage; they may have potential use as blood biomarkers to monitor disease onset and progression from MCI to AD.

Relationship between proinflammatory cytokines (Il-1beta, Il-18) and leukocyte telomere length in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease

Broggio, E;Gambina, G;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Inflammation plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD neurodegeneration and concurrent involvement of the peripheral immune system may promote leukocyte division and telomere shortening. We examined genotypes and plasma levels of two proinflammatory cytokines, IL-1beta and IL-18, and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD. We wanted to determine whether changes in plasma IL-1beta and IL-18 levels, together with LTL shortening, could be diagnostic for disease progression from MCI to AD. Median plasma IL-1beta levels were in the order MCI patients (2.2 pg/ml) < AD patients (4.0 pg/ml), both of which differed significantly from the controls (0.0 pg/ml). In the AD patients, the lowest IL-1beta levels were associated with the presence of the C allele of IL-1beta rs16944 SNP. Median plasma IL-18 levels were in the order MCI patients (116.3 pg/ml) > AD patients (85.8 pg/ml), both of which were significantly higher than in the controls (17.6 pg/ml). Analysis of LTL showed a progressive reduction in the order controls > MCI > AD patients (p < 0.0001). Overall LTL reduction was correlated with increased plasma IL-1beta levels, substantiating the hypothesis that inflammatory processes secondary to neuroinflammation may trigger telomere attrition. Changes in plasma IL-1beta and Il-18 levels, and LTL seem to reflect shifts in AD stage; they may have potential use as blood biomarkers to monitor disease onset and progression from MCI to AD.
2020
Alzheimer's disease; IL-18; IL-1beta; Leukocyte telomere length; Mild cognitive impairment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1020282
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