Objective: To evaluate the health-related quality of life on a very long-term follow-up in patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during neonatal and pediatric age. Design: Prospective follow-up study. Setting: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary-care University-Hospital. Patients: Out of 20 neonates and 21 children treated with ECMO in our center, 24 patients underwent short-term neurological follow-up. Twenty of them underwent long-term neurological follow-up. Intervention: Short-term follow-up was performed at 18 months and consisted in clinical evaluation, electroencephalography, and neuroimaging. Long-term follow-up was performed in 2017, at the mean period 19.72 years from ECMO (median 20.75, range 11.50-24.08) and consisted in a standardized questionnaires self-evaluation (PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scale) of health-related quality of life and an interviewed about the presence of organ morbidity, school level, or work position. Measurements and main results: Sixty-one percent (25/41) of the patients survived within 30 days after ECMO treatment. Short-term follow-up was performed in 24 patients (1 patient but died before the evaluation): 21 patients (87%) showed a normal neurological status, and 3 developed severe disability. Long-term follow-up was performed in 20 long-term survivors (3 patients were not possible to be contacted and considered lost to follow-up): mean age of patients at long-term follow-up was 21.23 (median 20.96, range 13.33-35.58) years; 90% (18/20) of them have no disability with a complete normal quality of life and 95% have no cognitive impairment. Conclusions: ECMO represents a life-saving treatment for infants and children with respiratory and/or heart failure; survivors show a good quality of life comparable to healthy peers.
|Titolo:||The quality of life in extracorporeal life support survivors: single-center experience of a long-term follow-up|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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|Leo2019_Article_TheQualityOfLifeInExtracorpore.pdf||Versione dell'editore||Accesso ristretto||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|