Woody plants can eventually recover from phytoplasma infection; this phenomenon is of growing interest because it can be exploited for the management of phytoplasma diseases in fruit growing and viticulture. Moreover, in apricot trees, plants recovered from ESFY phytoplasmas, have shown a remarkable resistance to re-infections of this pathogen. Grapevine can be affected by several phytoplasma diseases and, among them, Flavescence dorée is probably the most epidemic and dangerous in Europe, where it affects many viticultural areas in several countries. The aim of this work was to ascertain if grapevine plants obtained from propagative material derived from FD-recovered plants show resistance/tolerance to new FD infections. To this purpose, potted grapevines of the cv Barbera and Glera (from FD-recovered or from healthy plants never infected) were exposed to FD-infected Scaphoideus titanus leafhoppers and then transplanted in the field. Their infection status was confirmed the following year by molecular detection and symptom observation. No difference in susceptibility to FD inoculation was recorded between grapevine cuttings derived from recovered and healthy plants of the same variety. More than 90% of Barbera plants exposed to vector inoculation, compared to 30% of Glera ones, became infected, showing a very high susceptibility of Barbera cv to FD. The relevance of these findings for FD management is discussed

Are grapevine plants recovered from Flavescence dorée susceptible to new infections of this phytoplasma?

Mori N.;
2020

Abstract

Woody plants can eventually recover from phytoplasma infection; this phenomenon is of growing interest because it can be exploited for the management of phytoplasma diseases in fruit growing and viticulture. Moreover, in apricot trees, plants recovered from ESFY phytoplasmas, have shown a remarkable resistance to re-infections of this pathogen. Grapevine can be affected by several phytoplasma diseases and, among them, Flavescence dorée is probably the most epidemic and dangerous in Europe, where it affects many viticultural areas in several countries. The aim of this work was to ascertain if grapevine plants obtained from propagative material derived from FD-recovered plants show resistance/tolerance to new FD infections. To this purpose, potted grapevines of the cv Barbera and Glera (from FD-recovered or from healthy plants never infected) were exposed to FD-infected Scaphoideus titanus leafhoppers and then transplanted in the field. Their infection status was confirmed the following year by molecular detection and symptom observation. No difference in susceptibility to FD inoculation was recorded between grapevine cuttings derived from recovered and healthy plants of the same variety. More than 90% of Barbera plants exposed to vector inoculation, compared to 30% of Glera ones, became infected, showing a very high susceptibility of Barbera cv to FD. The relevance of these findings for FD management is discussed
Flavescence dorée; Scaphoideus titanus; recovery; phytoplasma transmission
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1017376
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