We performed a comparative spectroscopic analysis on three novel Tm3+: tellurite-based glasses with the following compositions Tm2O3: TeO2-ZnO (TeZnTm), Tm2O3: TeO2-Nb2O5 (TeNbTm), and Tm3+: TeO2-K2O-Nb2O5 (TeNbKTm), primarily for 2-mu m laser applications. Tellurite glasses were prepared at different doping concentrations in order to investigate the effect of Tm3+ ion concentration as well as host composition on the stimulated emission cross sections and the luminescence quantum efficiencies. By performing Judd-Ofelt analysis, we determined the average radiative lifetimes of the H-3(4) level to be 2.55 +/- 0.07 ms, 2.76 +/- 0.03 ms and 2.57 +/- 0.20 ms for the TeZnTm, TeNbTm and TeNbKTm samples, respectively. We clearly observed the effect of the cross-relaxation, which becomes significant at higher Tm2O3 concentrations, leading to the quenching of 1460-nm emission and enhancement of 1860-nm emission. Furthermore, with increasing Tm2O3 concentrations, we observed a decrease in the fluorescence lifetimes as a result of the onset of non-radiative decay. For the H-3(4) level, the highest obtained quantum efficiency was 32% for the samples with the lowest Tm2O3 ion concentration. For the 1860-nm emission band, the average emission cross section was determined to measure around 6.33 +/- 0.34 x 10(-21) cm(2), revealing the potential of thulium-doped tellurite gain media for 2-mu m laser applications in bulk and fiber configurations.

Comparative Spectroscopic Investigation of Tm3+:Tellurite Glasses for 2-μm Lasing Applications

Speghini, Adolfo;Bettinelli, Marco;
2018-01-01

Abstract

We performed a comparative spectroscopic analysis on three novel Tm3+: tellurite-based glasses with the following compositions Tm2O3: TeO2-ZnO (TeZnTm), Tm2O3: TeO2-Nb2O5 (TeNbTm), and Tm3+: TeO2-K2O-Nb2O5 (TeNbKTm), primarily for 2-mu m laser applications. Tellurite glasses were prepared at different doping concentrations in order to investigate the effect of Tm3+ ion concentration as well as host composition on the stimulated emission cross sections and the luminescence quantum efficiencies. By performing Judd-Ofelt analysis, we determined the average radiative lifetimes of the H-3(4) level to be 2.55 +/- 0.07 ms, 2.76 +/- 0.03 ms and 2.57 +/- 0.20 ms for the TeZnTm, TeNbTm and TeNbKTm samples, respectively. We clearly observed the effect of the cross-relaxation, which becomes significant at higher Tm2O3 concentrations, leading to the quenching of 1460-nm emission and enhancement of 1860-nm emission. Furthermore, with increasing Tm2O3 concentrations, we observed a decrease in the fluorescence lifetimes as a result of the onset of non-radiative decay. For the H-3(4) level, the highest obtained quantum efficiency was 32% for the samples with the lowest Tm2O3 ion concentration. For the 1860-nm emission band, the average emission cross section was determined to measure around 6.33 +/- 0.34 x 10(-21) cm(2), revealing the potential of thulium-doped tellurite gain media for 2-mu m laser applications in bulk and fiber configurations.
2018
glass lasers, tellurite glass, thulium
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1017257
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