The amount of proviral DNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 93 HIV-1 seropositive patients on long-lasting antiretroviral therapy was measured by the SYBR green real-time PCR technique. Variable levels of proviral DNA, ranging from 14 to 1847 copies of HIV-1 DNA per 106 PBMC were found, without a significant correlation between proviral load and plasma HIV-1 RNA levels or CD4+ lymphocyte counts. To investigate the possible role of HIV-1 DNA levels as prognostic markers in clinical practice, the amount of proviral DNA and peripheral blood CD4+ lymphocyte counts were further evaluated after 5 months of continued therapy in 32 patients who maintained a persistently undetectable viremia throughout the observation period. Interestingly, a clear-cut decrease (≥0.5 log) in proviralDNAlevelswas significantly associated with a definite increase in CD4+ lymphocyte counts. Even though plasma HIV-1 RNA levels remain the basic parameter to monitor both the intensity of viral replication and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions, the results obtained in our study seem to indicate that measuring proviral DNA levels could represent an adjunct prognostic marker, especially useful in patients whose HIV-1 RNA levels drop below detectable limits.
|Titolo:||Quantitative DNA proviral detection in HIV-1 patients treated with antiretroviral therapy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|