Background: Limited information is available regarding the rate of long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2nd(G)/3rd(G) TKIs) in the real-life practice.Methods: We identified 656 consecutive CML patients treated with nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib.Results: The 15-year CV-mortality free survival was 93 +/- 2.8%. Age >= 65 years (p = 0.005) and a positive history of CV disease (p = 0.04) were significantly associated with a lower CV-mortality free survival. CV disease accounted for 16.5% and 5% of potential years of life lost (PYLL) in male and female patients, respectively. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) following ischemic heart disease (IHD) was 3.9 in males and 3.8 in female patients, meaning an excess of IHD deaths observed, in comparison with the population of control. Conclusion. Prevention strategies based on CV risk factors, in particular in those patients with a previous history of CV disease, should be considered. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Long-term mortality rate for cardiovascular disease in 656 chronic myeloid leukaemia patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Bonifacio, Massimiliano;Scaffidi, Luigi;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Limited information is available regarding the rate of long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2nd(G)/3rd(G) TKIs) in the real-life practice.Methods: We identified 656 consecutive CML patients treated with nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib.Results: The 15-year CV-mortality free survival was 93 +/- 2.8%. Age >= 65 years (p = 0.005) and a positive history of CV disease (p = 0.04) were significantly associated with a lower CV-mortality free survival. CV disease accounted for 16.5% and 5% of potential years of life lost (PYLL) in male and female patients, respectively. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) following ischemic heart disease (IHD) was 3.9 in males and 3.8 in female patients, meaning an excess of IHD deaths observed, in comparison with the population of control. Conclusion. Prevention strategies based on CV risk factors, in particular in those patients with a previous history of CV disease, should be considered. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2020
Cardiovascular toxicity; Chronic myeloid leuk; Ischemic heart disease; TKI; a; emia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1015869
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