Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a well-recognized fibroinflammatory disease of the pancreas. Despite the significant number of studies published on AIP type 1 and 2, no studies have been focused on AIP type not otherwise specified (NOS) and therefore very little is known about clinical features and long-term outcomes of these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and radiological features of AIP type NOS-patients.Methods: Patients classified as AIP type NOS at clinical onset included in our database prospectively maintained since 1995 were evaluated. Epidemiological, clinical data were collected and analyzed.Results: Forty-six patients were included in the study. The clinical onset was mainly characterized by weight loss, jaundice and acute pancreatitis. Eight patients (17.4%) were reclassified as AIP type 2 during follow-up because of the development of ulcerative colitis. Seven patients (15.2%) experienced relapse after steroid treatment but only one (2.2%) needed immunosuppressive drugs because of recurrent relapses.Conclusions: AIP type NOS shares clinical features similar to AIP type 2 and a relevant proportion of patients was reclassified as AIP type 2 during follow-up because of the development of ulcerative colitis. The risk of relapse is low but not irrelevant. (C) 2019 First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in China. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Autoimmune pancreatitis not otherwise specified (NOS): Clinical features and outcomes of the forgotten type

de Pretis, Nicolò;Vieceli, Filippo;Brandolese, Alessandro;Brozzi, Lorenzo;Amodio, Antonio;Frulloni, Luca
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a well-recognized fibroinflammatory disease of the pancreas. Despite the significant number of studies published on AIP type 1 and 2, no studies have been focused on AIP type not otherwise specified (NOS) and therefore very little is known about clinical features and long-term outcomes of these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and radiological features of AIP type NOS-patients.Methods: Patients classified as AIP type NOS at clinical onset included in our database prospectively maintained since 1995 were evaluated. Epidemiological, clinical data were collected and analyzed.Results: Forty-six patients were included in the study. The clinical onset was mainly characterized by weight loss, jaundice and acute pancreatitis. Eight patients (17.4%) were reclassified as AIP type 2 during follow-up because of the development of ulcerative colitis. Seven patients (15.2%) experienced relapse after steroid treatment but only one (2.2%) needed immunosuppressive drugs because of recurrent relapses.Conclusions: AIP type NOS shares clinical features similar to AIP type 2 and a relevant proportion of patients was reclassified as AIP type 2 during follow-up because of the development of ulcerative colitis. The risk of relapse is low but not irrelevant. (C) 2019 First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine in China. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2019
Autoimmune pancreatitis; Follow-up; Not otherwise specified; Outcome; Therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1015643
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