PurposeTo evaluate the exposure-overall survival (OS) relationship in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer treated with galunisertib plus gemcitabine (GG) or gemcitabine plus placebo (GP).MethodsGalunisertib 300 mg/day was given orally as intermittent dosing and gemcitabine as per label. Galunisertib exposure metrics for each patient in the GG arm (n=99) of a phase 2 study of pancreatic cancer were calculated. Parametric survival models were used to identify influential baseline and response covariates on OS.ResultsThe population pharmacokinetics dataset included data from 297 patients/healthy subjects (age: 22-84 years, weight: 39-126 kg) across multiple studies, including this pancreatic cancer study. Galunisertib was rapidly absorbed with peak concentrations attained within 0.5-2 h and had an elimination half-life of 8 h. Between-subject variance on apparent clearance was estimated to be 47%. Age was the only characteristic to have a statistically significant effect on apparent clearance. A parametric Weibull survival model with treatment effect (dose) estimated a hazard ratio of 0.796, after adjusting for patient baseline factors that were significantly associated with OS. There was also a flat daily exposure-OS relationship within the observed exposure range, once all significant baseline covariates were included. Response covariates, such as reduction in CA19-9, time on treatment, and cumulative exposure over treatment cycles were also identified as significant factors for OS for patients with pancreatic cancer.ConclusionsThis analysis suggests that 300 mg/day galunisertib administered as 150 mg twice daily for 14 days on/14 days off treatment is an appropriate dosing regimen for patients with pancreatic cancer.
|Titolo:||Population pharmacokinetics and exposure-overall survival analysis of the transforming growth factor-β inhibitor galunisertib in patients with pancreatic cancer|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|