Introduction: Awake craniotomy allows continuous monitoring of patients' neurological functions during open surgery. Anesthesiologists have to sedate patients in a way so that they are compliant throughout the whole surgical procedure, nevertheless maintaining adequate analgesia and anxiolysis. Currently, the use of alpha 2-receptor agonist dexmedetomidine as the primary hypnotic-sedative medication is increasing. Methods: Nine patients undergoing awake craniotomy were treated with refined monitored anesthesia care (MAC) protocol consisting of a combination of local anesthesia without scalp block, low-dose infusion of dexmedetomidine, propofol, and remifentanil, without the need of airways management. Results: The anesthetic protocol applied in our study has the advantage of decreasing the dose of each drug and thus reducing the occurrence of side effects. All patients had smooth and rapid awakenings. The brain remained relaxed during the entire procedure. Conclusion: In our experience, this protocol is safe and effective during awake brain surgery. Nevertheless, prospective randomized trials are necessary to confirm the optimal anesthetic technique to be used.
|Titolo:||Awake craniotomy anesthetic management using dexmedetomidine, propofol, and remifentanil|
FELETTI, Alberto (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|