Although several series of pineal region tumors are available, the issue of pineal gliomas has been scarcely faced in the literature. Gliomas are usually included in largest series of pineal neoplasms. Therefore, whether pineal gliomas share the biological behavior of either hemispheric gliomas or other midline lesions is not yet defined. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyze long-term morbidity and mortality of these lesions. In English published literature gliomas account for about 14-22 % of all pineal region tumors. Most of these tumors are pilocytic astrocytomas, while glioblastoma multiforme is rare. We retrospectively analyzed all pineal region tumors operated on in our department in the last 28 years, and identified eight pineal astrocytomas, accounting for 14.03 % of all pineal tumors. The series includes four pilocytic astrocytomas, two grade II diffuse astrocytomas, and two anaplastic astrocytomas. A comprehensive review of the available literature data shows that the mean survival time of WHO grade II gliomas is shorter when tumor grows in the pineal region than for hemispheric locations, although the limited amount of available data prevents a rigorous statistical analysis. This difference might be due to the peculiar infiltrating behavior of pineal tumors, which often can't be satisfactorily resected from vital structures.
|Titolo:||Gliomas of the pineal region|
FELETTI, Alberto (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|