Objective: The authors evaluated the outcome of patients >= 80 years undergoing mitral valve (MV) surgery.Design: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis.Setting: None.Participants: None.Interventions: None.Main Results: Twenty-four studies reporting on 5,572 patients 80 years of age who underwent MV surgery were included in this analysis. Pooled proportion of operative mortality was 15.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 11.9-18.1), stroke was 3.9% (95% Cl 2.6-5.2), and dialysis was 2.7% (95% Cl 0.5-4.9). Early date of study (p = 0.014), increased age (p = 0.006), MV replacement (p = 0.008), procedure other than isolated MV surgery (p = 0.010), MV surgery associated with coronary artery surgery (p = 0.029), aortic cross-clamping time (p < 0.001), and cardiopulmonary bypass time (p < 0.001) were associated significantly with increased operative mortality. MV repair had lower operative mortality compared with MV replacement (7.3% v 14.2%, relative risk 0.573, 95% Cl 0.342-0.962). Random-effects metaregression showed that prolonged aortic cross-clamping time (p = 0.005) was the only determinant of increased operative mortality, even when adjusted (p < 0.001) for date of study (p = 0.004). Operative mortality was significantly higher in studies reporting a mean cross-clamp time >90 minutes (17.0% v 7.4%, p < 0.001). Survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 76.1%, 67.7%, and 56.5%, respectively.Conclusions: MV surgery in patients >= 80 years of age is associated with operative mortality, which has decreased significantly during recent years. Prolonged aortic cross-clamp time is a major determinant of operative mortality. MV repair may achieve better results than MV replacement in the very elderly. Five-year survival of these patients is good and justifies surgical treatment of MV diseases in octogenarians. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Pooled estimates of immediate and late outcome of mitral valve surgery in octogenarians: a meta-analysis and meta-regression|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|