RUNX2, a master osteogenic transcript ion factor, is overexpressed in several cancer cells; in melanoma it promotes cells migration and invasion as well as neoangiogenesis. The annual mortality rates related to metastatic melanoma are high and novel agents are needed to improve melanoma patients’ survival. It has been shown that lectins specifically target malignant cells since they present the Thomsen–Friedenreich antigen. This disaccharide is hidden in normal cells, while it allows selective lectins binding in transformed cells. Recently, an edible lectin named BEL β-trefoil has been obtained from the wild mushroom Boletus edulis. Our previous study showed BEL β-trefoil effects on transcription factor RUNX2 downregulation as well as on the migration ability in melanoma cells treated in vitro. Therefore, to better understand the role of this lectin, we investigated the BEL β-trefoil effects in a zebrafish in vivo model, transplanted with human melanoma cells expressing RUNX2. Our data showed that BEL β-trefoil is able to spread in the tissues and to reduce the formation of metastases in melanoma xenotransplanted zebrafish. In conclusion, BEL β-trefoil can be considered an effective biomolecule to counteract melanoma disease.

BEL β‐Trefoil Reduces the Migration Ability of RUNX2 Expressing Melanoma Cells in Xenotransplanted Zebrafish

Valenti MT
;
Perduca M;Mottes M;Dalle Carbonare L
2020

Abstract

RUNX2, a master osteogenic transcript ion factor, is overexpressed in several cancer cells; in melanoma it promotes cells migration and invasion as well as neoangiogenesis. The annual mortality rates related to metastatic melanoma are high and novel agents are needed to improve melanoma patients’ survival. It has been shown that lectins specifically target malignant cells since they present the Thomsen–Friedenreich antigen. This disaccharide is hidden in normal cells, while it allows selective lectins binding in transformed cells. Recently, an edible lectin named BEL β-trefoil has been obtained from the wild mushroom Boletus edulis. Our previous study showed BEL β-trefoil effects on transcription factor RUNX2 downregulation as well as on the migration ability in melanoma cells treated in vitro. Therefore, to better understand the role of this lectin, we investigated the BEL β-trefoil effects in a zebrafish in vivo model, transplanted with human melanoma cells expressing RUNX2. Our data showed that BEL β-trefoil is able to spread in the tissues and to reduce the formation of metastases in melanoma xenotransplanted zebrafish. In conclusion, BEL β-trefoil can be considered an effective biomolecule to counteract melanoma disease.
BEL β-trefoil; RUNX2; melanoma; zebrafish; lectin
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Descrizione: BEL β‐Trefoil Reduces the Migration Ability of RUNX2 Expressing Melanoma Cells in Xenotransplanted Zebrafish
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1013324
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