Metallocarboxypeptidases are metal-dependent enzymes, whose biological activity is regulated by inhibitors directed on the metal-containing active site. Some metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitors are induced under stress conditions and have a role in defense against pests. This paper is aimed at investigating the response of the tomato metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor (TCMP)-1 to Cd and other abiotic stresses. To this aim, the tomato TCMP-1 was ectopically expressed in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana, and a yeast two-hybrid analysis was performed to identify interacting proteins. We demonstrate that TCMP-1 is responsive to Cd, NaCl, and abscisic acid (ABA) and interacts with the tomato heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein (HIPP)26. A. thaliana plants overexpressing TCMP-1 accumulate lower amount of Cd in shoots, display an increased expression of AtHIPP26 in comparison with wild-type plants, and are characterized by a modulation in the expression of antioxidant enzymes. Overall, these results suggest a possible role for the TCMP-1/HIPP26 complex in Cd response and compartmentalization.

The Tomato Metallocarboxypeptidase Inhibitor I, which Interacts with a Heavy Metal-Associated Isoprenylated Protein, Is Implicated in Plant Response to Cadmium

Manara, Anna;Fasani, Elisa;Molesini, Barbara;DalCorso, Giovanni;Pennisi, Federica;Pandolfini, Tiziana;Furini, Antonella
2020-01-01

Abstract

Metallocarboxypeptidases are metal-dependent enzymes, whose biological activity is regulated by inhibitors directed on the metal-containing active site. Some metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitors are induced under stress conditions and have a role in defense against pests. This paper is aimed at investigating the response of the tomato metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor (TCMP)-1 to Cd and other abiotic stresses. To this aim, the tomato TCMP-1 was ectopically expressed in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana, and a yeast two-hybrid analysis was performed to identify interacting proteins. We demonstrate that TCMP-1 is responsive to Cd, NaCl, and abscisic acid (ABA) and interacts with the tomato heavy metal-associated isoprenylated plant protein (HIPP)26. A. thaliana plants overexpressing TCMP-1 accumulate lower amount of Cd in shoots, display an increased expression of AtHIPP26 in comparison with wild-type plants, and are characterized by a modulation in the expression of antioxidant enzymes. Overall, these results suggest a possible role for the TCMP-1/HIPP26 complex in Cd response and compartmentalization.
Arabidopsis thaliana; Solanaceae; abiotic stress; heavy metals; metal ion binding proteins; metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1011801
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