PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate accuracy and predictive values of Doppler ultrasonographic (US) measurement of portal blood velocity (PBV) and splenic pulsatility index (SPI) in diagnosis of clinically relevant acute rejection in patients with clinicobiochemical hepatic dysfunction after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study was approved by the institutional review board, and protocol conformed to ethical guidelines of Declaration of Helsinki. Patient informed consent was obtained. In 27 patients with OLT (23 men, four women; mean age, 48 years; range, 27-64 years), PBV and SPI were measured at Doppler US within 48 hours before or after liver biopsy for clinically suspected acute rejection. Biopsy specimens were assigned scores according to Banff method, and rejection activity index (RAI) was calculated. RAI score of 4 or greater was considered clinically relevant acute rejection. Doppler US parameters were analyzed as absolute values and as percentage point changes with respect to values obtained at last examination before rejection was suspected. Information from two Doppler US parameters was combined; Doppler US composite index was calculated. Statistical tests were conducted to assess accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of Doppler US parameters in diagnosis of graft rejection. RESULTS: Clinically relevant acute rejection was diagnosed in nine patients. Median time from OLT until histologic diagnosis of acute rejection was 8 days (range, 5-20 days). Rejection was associated with a marked reduction in mean PBV (-43% +/- 5 [standard error of the mean]) and a slight increase in SPI (+12% +/- 16). The calculated Doppler US composite index was strictly related to severity of rejection (P < .001). When applied retrospectively, this index had good accuracy (88%) for prediction of rejection (specificity, 89%; sensitivity, 86%; negative predictive value, 94%). CONCLUSION: During the first weeks after OLT, a marked decrease in PBV associated with increased SPI supports suspicion of clinically relevant acute rejection.

Accuracy and predictive value of echo-Doppler measurements in acute liver rejection -- initial experience

SACERDOTI, DAVID;
2005

Abstract

PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate accuracy and predictive values of Doppler ultrasonographic (US) measurement of portal blood velocity (PBV) and splenic pulsatility index (SPI) in diagnosis of clinically relevant acute rejection in patients with clinicobiochemical hepatic dysfunction after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study was approved by the institutional review board, and protocol conformed to ethical guidelines of Declaration of Helsinki. Patient informed consent was obtained. In 27 patients with OLT (23 men, four women; mean age, 48 years; range, 27-64 years), PBV and SPI were measured at Doppler US within 48 hours before or after liver biopsy for clinically suspected acute rejection. Biopsy specimens were assigned scores according to Banff method, and rejection activity index (RAI) was calculated. RAI score of 4 or greater was considered clinically relevant acute rejection. Doppler US parameters were analyzed as absolute values and as percentage point changes with respect to values obtained at last examination before rejection was suspected. Information from two Doppler US parameters was combined; Doppler US composite index was calculated. Statistical tests were conducted to assess accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of Doppler US parameters in diagnosis of graft rejection. RESULTS: Clinically relevant acute rejection was diagnosed in nine patients. Median time from OLT until histologic diagnosis of acute rejection was 8 days (range, 5-20 days). Rejection was associated with a marked reduction in mean PBV (-43% +/- 5 [standard error of the mean]) and a slight increase in SPI (+12% +/- 16). The calculated Doppler US composite index was strictly related to severity of rejection (P < .001). When applied retrospectively, this index had good accuracy (88%) for prediction of rejection (specificity, 89%; sensitivity, 86%; negative predictive value, 94%). CONCLUSION: During the first weeks after OLT, a marked decrease in PBV associated with increased SPI supports suspicion of clinically relevant acute rejection.
liver transplant; acute rejection; splenic pulsatility index
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1011700
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