The hybrid plasmid-virus pSSVx from Sulfolobus islandicus presents an open reading frame encoding a 76 amino acid protein, namely Stf76, that does not show significant sequence homology with any protein with known 3D structure. The recombinant protein recognizes specifically two DNA-binding sites located in its own promoter, thus suggesting an auto-regulated role of its expression. Circular dichroism, spectrofluorimetric, light scattering and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments indicated a 2:1 molar ratio (protein:DNA) upon binding to the DNA target containing a single site. Furthermore, the solution structure of Stf76, determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) using chemical shift Rosetta software, has shown that the protein assumes a winged helix-turn-helix fold. NMR chemical shift perturbation analysis has been performed for the identification of the residues responsible for DNA interaction. In addition, a model of the Stf76-DNA complex has been built using as template a structurally related homolog.

Structural and functional studies of Stf76 from the Sulfolobus islandicus plasmid-virus pSSVx: a novel peculiar member of the winged helix-turn-helix transcription factor family

Fusco, Salvatore;
2014

Abstract

The hybrid plasmid-virus pSSVx from Sulfolobus islandicus presents an open reading frame encoding a 76 amino acid protein, namely Stf76, that does not show significant sequence homology with any protein with known 3D structure. The recombinant protein recognizes specifically two DNA-binding sites located in its own promoter, thus suggesting an auto-regulated role of its expression. Circular dichroism, spectrofluorimetric, light scattering and isothermal titration calorimetry experiments indicated a 2:1 molar ratio (protein:DNA) upon binding to the DNA target containing a single site. Furthermore, the solution structure of Stf76, determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) using chemical shift Rosetta software, has shown that the protein assumes a winged helix-turn-helix fold. NMR chemical shift perturbation analysis has been performed for the identification of the residues responsible for DNA interaction. In addition, a model of the Stf76-DNA complex has been built using as template a structurally related homolog.
Amino Acid Sequence; Base Sequence; Circular Dichroism; Fuselloviridae; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular; Protein Binding; Protein Structure, Quaternary; Protein Structure, Secondary; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Solutions; Sulfolobus; Viral Proteins; Winged-Helix Transcription Factors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1010958
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