An extracellular amylase (AmyKS) produced by a newly isolated Bacillus subtilis strain US572 was purified and characterized. AmyKS showed maximal activity at pH 6 and 60 °C with a half-life of 10 min at 70 °C. It is a Ca2+ independent enzyme and able to hydrolyze soluble starch into oligosaccharides consisting mainly of maltose and maltotriose. When compared to the studied α-amylases, AmyKS presents a high affinity towards soluble starch with a Km value of 0.252 mg mL-1 . Coupled with the size-exclusion chromatography data, MALDI-TOF/MS analysis indicated that the purified amylase is a dimer with a molecular mass of 136,938.18 Da. It is an unusual feature of a non-maltogenic α-amylase. A 3D model and a dimeric model of AmyKS were generated showing the presence of an additional domain suspected to be involved in the dimerization process. This dimer arrangement could explain the high substrate affinity and catalytic efficiency of this enzyme.

Biochemical characterization and structural insights into the high substrate affinity of a dimeric and Ca2+ independent Bacillus subtilis α-amylase

Perduca, Massimiliano;
2020-01-01

Abstract

An extracellular amylase (AmyKS) produced by a newly isolated Bacillus subtilis strain US572 was purified and characterized. AmyKS showed maximal activity at pH 6 and 60 °C with a half-life of 10 min at 70 °C. It is a Ca2+ independent enzyme and able to hydrolyze soluble starch into oligosaccharides consisting mainly of maltose and maltotriose. When compared to the studied α-amylases, AmyKS presents a high affinity towards soluble starch with a Km value of 0.252 mg mL-1 . Coupled with the size-exclusion chromatography data, MALDI-TOF/MS analysis indicated that the purified amylase is a dimer with a molecular mass of 136,938.18 Da. It is an unusual feature of a non-maltogenic α-amylase. A 3D model and a dimeric model of AmyKS were generated showing the presence of an additional domain suspected to be involved in the dimerization process. This dimer arrangement could explain the high substrate affinity and catalytic efficiency of this enzyme.
2020
Bacillus subtilis, alpha-Amylase, dimeric form, calcium independent, 3D model
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Descrizione: Biochemical characterization and structural insights into the high substrate affinity of a dimeric and Ca2+ independent Bacillus subtilisα-amylase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1009950
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