We report on HLA-DQB1 typing in IDDM patients of north east Italian region using an enzymatic method based on the detection of hybridization reaction between PCR amplified DNA from whole blood and allele specific oligonucleotides by an antibody directed against double stranded DNA (DNA-enzyme immunoassay or DEIA). The method is reliable, simple and sensitive as the classical radioactive method with the advantage of using a universal non radioactive detection reagent. Nineteen families, each including one subject with juvenile insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) were analyzed. A strong association between absence of an aspartic acid (Asp) in position 57 of DQB1 beta chain in homozygous conditions and susceptibility to IDDM was found. In contrast with some previous observations, however, no significant association was found between Asp/non-Asp heterozygous genotype and IDDM. No patients were found with an homozygous Asp/Asp genotype, known to be protective in caucasoid population. Of particular interest was the DQB1 allelic distribution in our population sample. The non-Asp allele most frequently found in IDDM subjects was the DQB1 0201 allele and this finding was statistically significant (Pc value < 0.05, relative risk = 5.01). No significant association was found for any other allele including the DQB1 0302 (Pc value = not significant although with relative risk = 3.28) previously reported as the most frequent allele in IDDM caucasoid patients.
|Titolo:||HLA-DQB1 typing of north east Italian IDDM patients using amplified DNA, oligonucleotide probes and a rapid DNA-enzyme immunoassay (DEIA)|
SOFFIATI, MASSIMO [Membro del Collaboration Group]
PINELLI, Leonardo [Membro del Collaboration Group]
SARTORIS, Silvia [Supervision]
TRIDENTE, Giuseppe [Funding Acquisition]
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|