Whole-body movements are performed daily, and humans must constantly take into account the inherent instability of a standing posture. At times these movements may be performed in risky environments and when facing different costs of failure. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that in upright stance participants continuously estimate both probability of failure and cost of failure such that their postural responses will be based on these estimates. We designed a snowboard riding simulation experiment where participants were asked to control the position of a moving snowboard within a snow track in a risky environment. Cost functions were provided by modifying the penalty of riding in the area adjacent to the snow track. Uncertainty was modified by changing the gain of postural responses while participants were standing on a rocker board. We demonstrated that participants continually evaluated the environmental cost function and compensated for additional risk with feedback-based postural changes, even when probability of failure was negligible. Results showed also that the participants' estimates of the probability of failure accounted for their own inherent instability. Moreover, participants showed a tendency to overweight large probabilities of failure with more biomechanically constrained standing postures that results in suboptimal estimates of risky environments. Overall, our results suggest that participants tune their standing postural responses by empirically estimating the cost of failure and the uncertainty level in order to minimize the risk of falling when cost is high.
|Titolo:||Tuning of standing postural responses to instability and cost function|
BERTUCCO, Matteo (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|