Missense mutations in the GUCA1A gene encoding guanylate cyclase-activating protein 1 (GCAP1) are associated with autosomal dominant cone/cone-rod (CORD) dystrophies. The nature of the inheritance pattern implies that a pool of normal GCAP proteins is present in photoreceptors together with the mutated variant. To assess whether human GCAP1 and GCAP2 may similarly regulate the activity of the retinal membrane guanylate cyclase GC-1 (GC-E) in the presence of the recently discovered E111V-GCAP1 CORD-variant, we combined biochemical and in silico assays. Surprisingly, human GCAP2 does not activate GC1 over the physiological range of Ca2+ whereas wild-type GCAP1 significantly attenuates the dysregulation of GC1 induced by E111V-GCAP1. Simulation of the phototransduction cascade in a well-characterized murine system, where GCAP2 is able to activate the GC1, suggests that both GCAPs can act in a synergic manner to mitigate the effects of the CORD-mutation. We propose the existence of a species-dependent compensatory mechanism. In murine photoreceptors, slight increases of wild-type GCAPs levels may significantly attenuate the increase in intracellular Ca2+ and cGMP induced by E111V-GCAP1 in heterozygous conditions. In humans, however, the excess of wild-type GCAP1 may only partly attenuate the mutant-induced dysregulation of cGMP signaling due to the lack of GC1-regulation by GCAP2.
|Titolo:||Normal GCAPs partly compensate for altered cGMP signaling in retinal dystrophies associated with mutations in GUCA1A|
DELL'ORCO, Daniele (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|