Most healthcare systems struggle to provide continuity of care for people with chronic conditions, such as patients with severe mental illness. In this study, we reviewed how system features in two national health systems (NHS) - England and Veneto (Italy) - and three regulated-market systems (RMS) - Germany, Belgium, and Poland -, were likely to affect continuing care delivery and we empirically assessed system performance. 6418 patients recruited from psychiatric hospitals were followed up one year after admission. We collected data on their use of services and contact with professionals and assessed care continuity using indicators on the gap between hospital discharge and outpatient care, access to services, number of contacts with care professionals, satisfaction with care continuity, and helping alliance. Multivariate regressions were used to control for patients' characteristics. Important differences were found between healthcare systems. NHS countries had more effective longitudinal and cross-sectional care continuity than RMS countries, though Germany had similar results to England. Relational continuity seemed less affected by organisational mechanisms. This study provides straightforward empirical indicators for assessing healthcare system performance in care continuity. Despite systems' complexity, findings suggest that stronger regulation of care provision and financing at a local level should be considered for effective care continuity.
|Titolo:||Healthcare system performance in continuity of care for patients with severe mental illness: A comparison of five European countries|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|