BACKGROUND: In the last 10 years, psychological approaches based on mindfulness techniques have been proposed for the management of psychotic experiences. METHOD: In this brief review we summarized, to our knowledge for the first time, published studies on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) applied to the early phase of major psychoses (affective and non-affective). RESULTS: Despite the great variability in terms of MBIs protocols, available studies on young people at risk to develop or with a first episode of psychosis suggest MBIs as a feasible, well-tolerated and effective approach in ameliorating symptoms, functioning, emotion regulation, and finally reducing the psychological distress associated with the onset of mania and/or psychotic experience. LIMITATIONS: The small sample size and inconsistencies between studies in terms of design, MBIs protocols and outcome measures suggest being cautious in interpreting and generalizing results. Moreover, specific guidelines are missing for the adaptation of MBIs to youth at risk of developing affective psychoses. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary findings show that MBIs may be considered a promising adjunctive therapy for the treatment of major psychoses in the early phases of the illness. However, the conduct of further studies in larger samples and with a more rigorous methodology is warranted to confirm the beneficial effect of MBIs in the early stages of major psychoses.

Mindfulness-based interventions in the early phase of affective and non-affective psychoses

Perlini, Cinzia;Bellani, Marcella
;
Rossetti, Maria Gloria;Rossin, Giulia;Zovetti, Niccolò;Del Piccolo, Lidia;Brambilla, Paolo
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the last 10 years, psychological approaches based on mindfulness techniques have been proposed for the management of psychotic experiences. METHOD: In this brief review we summarized, to our knowledge for the first time, published studies on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) applied to the early phase of major psychoses (affective and non-affective). RESULTS: Despite the great variability in terms of MBIs protocols, available studies on young people at risk to develop or with a first episode of psychosis suggest MBIs as a feasible, well-tolerated and effective approach in ameliorating symptoms, functioning, emotion regulation, and finally reducing the psychological distress associated with the onset of mania and/or psychotic experience. LIMITATIONS: The small sample size and inconsistencies between studies in terms of design, MBIs protocols and outcome measures suggest being cautious in interpreting and generalizing results. Moreover, specific guidelines are missing for the adaptation of MBIs to youth at risk of developing affective psychoses. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary findings show that MBIs may be considered a promising adjunctive therapy for the treatment of major psychoses in the early phases of the illness. However, the conduct of further studies in larger samples and with a more rigorous methodology is warranted to confirm the beneficial effect of MBIs in the early stages of major psychoses.
at-risk condition; bipolar disorder; cognitive-behavioral therapy; early psychosis; mindfulness
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1001871
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