The persistence of soil organic matter (SOM) constituents as a function of their recalcitrance has been recently questioned, with several papers showing the influence of the combined action of physical protection and chemical stabilization mechanisms as the main factors affecting SOM mean residence time. Using a physical fractionation method, SOM located between aggregates (FR), occluded within macro- (MA) and micro-aggregates (MI), and associated with the mineral fractions (MIN) were isolated from an agricultural soil differently amended (using compost, sewage sludge and biochar), and the occurrence of (total, bacterial and plant) DNA in these SOM pools was investigated. Following physical fractionation, total DNA (tDNA) was recovered from all SOM pools and from all treatments. Independently from the amendment, most tDNA accumulates in the FR fraction (30–70%), followed by the MIN pool (25–55%). The positive correlation between tDNA contents and C/N ratios (both tending to decrease following the order FR, MA and MI) observed for the light SOM fractions, together with the opposite pattern characterizing the heavy, MIN fraction (characterized by relatively high tDNA contents and low C/N ratios), suggests a different origin of the latter SOM pool, i.e., new molecules resulting from microbial transformations rather than highly degraded litter inputs. Therefore, tDNA may represent a promising proxy of organic matter dynamics in mineral soils. Finally, the MI fraction shows the highest number of microbial taxa and diversity, and seems to constitute a separate microbial niche in which different bacterial communities carry out their activity.
|Titolo:||DNA occurrence in organic matter fractions isolated from amended, agricultural soils|
Zaccone, Claudio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|