Sphagnum peat has been found to efficiently remove heavy metals, oil, detergents, dyes, pesticides and nutrients from contaminated waters since its major constituents, i.e., unesterified polyuronic acids, cellulose, and fulvic and humic acids (HA), show functional groups (e.g., alcohols, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, ketones and phenolic hydroxides) which may adsorb pollutant species. The influence of the extractant on the analytical characteristics of HA is an old but still open topic that should be studied in relation to the nature of the matrix from which they originate. While a number of works have been published on the effects of different reagents on the extraction yields and structural properties of HA from soils, relatively little attention has been devoted to peat HA. In this work, the contents of some major and trace elements (As, Ca, Cr, K, Mn, Sr, and Ti) in five Sphagnum-peat samples and in their corresponding HA fractions isolated using three common extractant solutions, i.e., 0.5 M NaOH, 0.1 M Na4P2O7, and 0.5 M NaOH + 0.1 M Na4P2O7, where investigated by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. In general, Cr, Mn, and Ti concentrations of bulk peat samples were higher than those of the corresponding HA fractions regardless of the extractant used. Arsenic, Ca, K, and Sr concentrations in the HA fractions were affected by the extraction procedure, although at different extents depending on the extractant utilized. In particular, compared to both NaOH and NaOH + Na4P2O7, the Na4P2O7 extractant yielded HA generally richer in As, Ca, K, and Sr, and poorer in Ti. These results may be related to both the nature of each HA fraction and the physical and chemical form of each element supplied to the studied bog via atmospheric deposition.

Variability in As, Ca, Cr, K, Mn, Sr, and Ti concentrations among humic acids isolated from peat using NaOH, Na4P2O7 and NaOH+Na4P2O7 solutions

ZACCONE C.
;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Sphagnum peat has been found to efficiently remove heavy metals, oil, detergents, dyes, pesticides and nutrients from contaminated waters since its major constituents, i.e., unesterified polyuronic acids, cellulose, and fulvic and humic acids (HA), show functional groups (e.g., alcohols, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, ketones and phenolic hydroxides) which may adsorb pollutant species. The influence of the extractant on the analytical characteristics of HA is an old but still open topic that should be studied in relation to the nature of the matrix from which they originate. While a number of works have been published on the effects of different reagents on the extraction yields and structural properties of HA from soils, relatively little attention has been devoted to peat HA. In this work, the contents of some major and trace elements (As, Ca, Cr, K, Mn, Sr, and Ti) in five Sphagnum-peat samples and in their corresponding HA fractions isolated using three common extractant solutions, i.e., 0.5 M NaOH, 0.1 M Na4P2O7, and 0.5 M NaOH + 0.1 M Na4P2O7, where investigated by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. In general, Cr, Mn, and Ti concentrations of bulk peat samples were higher than those of the corresponding HA fractions regardless of the extractant used. Arsenic, Ca, K, and Sr concentrations in the HA fractions were affected by the extraction procedure, although at different extents depending on the extractant utilized. In particular, compared to both NaOH and NaOH + Na4P2O7, the Na4P2O7 extractant yielded HA generally richer in As, Ca, K, and Sr, and poorer in Ti. These results may be related to both the nature of each HA fraction and the physical and chemical form of each element supplied to the studied bog via atmospheric deposition.
Extractant; Humic substances; Sodium pyrophosphate; Sphagnum peat; Trace elements abundance; X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1001303
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