Neck-stem modularity gained recent popularity in hip arthroplasty for clinical advantages, and few complications have been reported. We describe an unusual two-stage failure of the bimodular neck of a cementless forged titanium alloy stem implanted 12 years before. The retrieved neck was forwarded to the manufacturer for metallurgic evaluation and failure analysis. Lengthening and bending of the superolateral aspect of the neck and double depression of the medial part prove that the prosthetic neck underwent a medial displacement and a varus rotation. The crack initiated from the superolateral corner of the fracture section, and the neck probably underwent two subsequent unstable configurations. The first horizontal part of the fracture occurred in the external surface as a result of physiological load carried on abnormal conditions of frictions. Due to increased oscillations, the end of the fracture section knocked against the inner aspect of the proximal hole of the stem, preventing further valgus displacement of the neck, which was moved forward. Consequently, the neck achieved a second unstable configuration, and the fracture propagated in the weaker direction creating a bent track. Finally, the neck broke unexpectedly as a result of the traumatic event. An incorrect placement into the femoral component during surgery was the initiation of the failure of the bimodular neck. The transitory but repeated interface motion between the neck and the stem induced a local surface irregularity acting as a starting point for crack propagation of fatigue fracture. Final failure followed a direct trauma.

Late fracture of an old-generation modular neck in a titanium alloy femoral stem of a cementless total hip arthroplasty

Regis, Dario;Christodoulidis, Avraam;Magnan, Bruno;Sandri, Andrea
2019

Abstract

Neck-stem modularity gained recent popularity in hip arthroplasty for clinical advantages, and few complications have been reported. We describe an unusual two-stage failure of the bimodular neck of a cementless forged titanium alloy stem implanted 12 years before. The retrieved neck was forwarded to the manufacturer for metallurgic evaluation and failure analysis. Lengthening and bending of the superolateral aspect of the neck and double depression of the medial part prove that the prosthetic neck underwent a medial displacement and a varus rotation. The crack initiated from the superolateral corner of the fracture section, and the neck probably underwent two subsequent unstable configurations. The first horizontal part of the fracture occurred in the external surface as a result of physiological load carried on abnormal conditions of frictions. Due to increased oscillations, the end of the fracture section knocked against the inner aspect of the proximal hole of the stem, preventing further valgus displacement of the neck, which was moved forward. Consequently, the neck achieved a second unstable configuration, and the fracture propagated in the weaker direction creating a bent track. Finally, the neck broke unexpectedly as a result of the traumatic event. An incorrect placement into the femoral component during surgery was the initiation of the failure of the bimodular neck. The transitory but repeated interface motion between the neck and the stem induced a local surface irregularity acting as a starting point for crack propagation of fatigue fracture. Final failure followed a direct trauma.
Total hip arthroplasty
Modular neck
Modularity
Fatigue fracture
Trunnion fracture
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1001203
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