PURPOSE: To describe pathways to care, duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), and types of interventions provided to first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients by routine Italian mental health services over 5 years since the first service contact. METHODS: Naturalistic study conducted in Veneto, within the context of the Psychosis Incident Cohort Outcome Study (PICOS). A comprehensive set of measures was used, including schedules designed to collect information on referrals to psychiatric services and on psychological and pharmacological treatments at 1, 2, and 5 years since first service contact. RESULTS: Overall, 397 patients were assessed. Most engaged with services with the help of family members (47.4%) and through emergency routes (60.3%). Those referred by clinicians were more likely to access care in a non-emergency way. Mean DUP was 5.62 months (SD 11.8) and longer DUP was associated with poorer functioning at 2 and 5 years. Interventions provided over 5 years were mainly constituted by antipsychotic medications (95.4% at 1 year; 85.8% at 2 years; 80.6% at 5 years), whereas a lower percentage (69.1% at 1 year; 61.5% at 2 years; 44.9% at 5 years) also received some forms of psychological interventions, mainly consisting of unspecific support sessions. Other structured interventions, such as CBT or family interventions, were seldom provided at each time-point. CONCLUSIONS: Mental health services in Veneto seem effective in engaging FEP patients within a short time since illness onset. However, type of care provided does not meet quality standards recommended by treatment guidelines, especially regarding psychological interventions.
|Titolo:||Pathways to care, DUP, and types of interventions over 5 years following psychosis onset: findings from a naturalistic study conducted in routine generalist mental health services|
LASALVIA, Antonio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|