The fast kinetics characterizing the phototransduction cascade in virtually any species require that rhodopsin (Rh) form transient molecular complexes with a multitude of other proteins. Isolating such transient interactions in vitro and in vivo is a challenging task, although understanding their dynamics is essential to fully understand Rh function. Here, an established bottom-up systems biology approach is summarized, which links individual biomolecular processes to the whole-cell response, namely, the light-dependent suppression of the photoreceptor dark current. The known biochemical interactions occurring in the phototransduction cascade are integrated into a comprehensive computational model that can be numerically simulated, making it possible to: (a) virtually follow the time course of transient complexes formed by Rh with other molecules, including the cognate G protein transducin (Gt), rhodopsin kinase (RK), and arrestin (Arr), and (b) focus on specific receptor states, including multiple phosphorylations and activity of the chromophore-free receptor (opsin, Ops). Successful predictions of retinal disease-associated states, such as those related to vitamin A deficiency and Leber congenital amaurosis, have been obtained with the methodology presented herein.

Rhodopsin transient complexes investigated by systems biology approaches.

DELL'ORCO, Daniele
2015-01-01

Abstract

The fast kinetics characterizing the phototransduction cascade in virtually any species require that rhodopsin (Rh) form transient molecular complexes with a multitude of other proteins. Isolating such transient interactions in vitro and in vivo is a challenging task, although understanding their dynamics is essential to fully understand Rh function. Here, an established bottom-up systems biology approach is summarized, which links individual biomolecular processes to the whole-cell response, namely, the light-dependent suppression of the photoreceptor dark current. The known biochemical interactions occurring in the phototransduction cascade are integrated into a comprehensive computational model that can be numerically simulated, making it possible to: (a) virtually follow the time course of transient complexes formed by Rh with other molecules, including the cognate G protein transducin (Gt), rhodopsin kinase (RK), and arrestin (Arr), and (b) focus on specific receptor states, including multiple phosphorylations and activity of the chromophore-free receptor (opsin, Ops). Successful predictions of retinal disease-associated states, such as those related to vitamin A deficiency and Leber congenital amaurosis, have been obtained with the methodology presented herein.
PHOTOTRANSDUCTION; system biology; RHODOPSIN; computational biology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/898983
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