In the last decade, the role of the immune system in cancer pathology has received growing attention. Immune populations, such as T and B lymphocytes, NK cells, and macrophages, are able to mount an anti-tumor immune response, which can impair tumor growth. Nonetheless, cancer progression is usually associated with the expansion of additional cell subsets that inhibit the natural immunity to tumors and actively support tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. Their presence represents an obstacle to the effectiveness of cancer immunotherapy. Cells of myeloid origin with strong immunosuppressive and tumor-promoting properties, such as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), are major players in this process. Nanotechnology-based approaches have been recently developed to target MDSCs and TAMs for cancer immunotherapy. Here, these approaches are described, together with other pharmacological and nucleic acid-based strategies, which may take advantage of nanosystems to increase their effectiveness and selectivity. The application of nanotechnology to immunosuppressive and tumor-promoting cell targeting may provide a powerful tool to improve cancer immunotherapy.

Cancer Immune Modulation and Immunosuppressive Cells: Current and Future Therapeutic ApproachesNano-Oncologicals

Bronte, Vincenzo;
2014-01-01

Abstract

In the last decade, the role of the immune system in cancer pathology has received growing attention. Immune populations, such as T and B lymphocytes, NK cells, and macrophages, are able to mount an anti-tumor immune response, which can impair tumor growth. Nonetheless, cancer progression is usually associated with the expansion of additional cell subsets that inhibit the natural immunity to tumors and actively support tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. Their presence represents an obstacle to the effectiveness of cancer immunotherapy. Cells of myeloid origin with strong immunosuppressive and tumor-promoting properties, such as myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), are major players in this process. Nanotechnology-based approaches have been recently developed to target MDSCs and TAMs for cancer immunotherapy. Here, these approaches are described, together with other pharmacological and nucleic acid-based strategies, which may take advantage of nanosystems to increase their effectiveness and selectivity. The application of nanotechnology to immunosuppressive and tumor-promoting cell targeting may provide a powerful tool to improve cancer immunotherapy.
9783319080833
9783319080840
Immune modulation; immunosuppressive cells
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/848566
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact