This paper explores aggregate profitability in Italy from 1994 to 2005 in its connection with structural change and gender employment disparities. The aggregate profit rate declined, but the profit share did not so. Male variables tend to have more weight than female ones in explaining aggregate outcomes. Structural change had a major role too, as the economy specialized in sectors with falling real wages and wage shares, the financial sector especially. Further falls in the wage share and widening wage gaps may not guarantee a rise in profitability.
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