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|Autori interni:||GIACOBAZZI, Roberto|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Abstract:||In this paper we introduce the notion of abstract non-interference as a general theory for reasoning about information-flow in programming languages. The idea is to make non-interference parametric by abstract interpretation. In this case abstractions model both the observational capabilities of attackers and the amount of information that may flow between program components, e.g., from private to public variables, dynamically at run-time. We prove that abstract non-interference generalizes known models of attackers in language-based security and provides at the same time a formal setting for comparing many of the known approaches for weakening non-interference. We introduce a proof system for checking abstract non-interference and systematic methods, i.e., abstraction transformers, for deriving the most concrete harmless attacker for which a program is secure together with the corresponding maximal amount of information released. This provides the possibility of associating programs with canonical attackers and compare them according to their relative degree of security in the lattice of abstract interpretations. Due to its semantic-based approach and the generality of abstract interpretation and non-interference notions, abstract non-interference can be fairly considered as a unifying theory for understanding and reasoning about information-flow in programming languages.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||07.14 Rapporti di ricerca|
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