The coexistence of comorbidities has consistently been reported as a risk factor for an unfavorable prognosis in patients with COVID-19, significantly increasing the risk of severe complications, hospitalization, and mortality in COVID-19 patients. Preexisting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, such as coronary heart disease or heart failure, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, and physical inactivity/low cardiorespiratory fitness may increase the risk of COVID-19 severity and contribute to the severity of outcomes and prognosis. These comorbidities can complicate COVID-19 through various mechanisms, such as dysfunction of renin–angiotensin, circulatory, immunological, and blood coagulation systems. This chapter describes the connection between specific cardiovascular comorbidities and COVID-19 outcomes.

Cardiovascular comorbidities and COVID-19 outcomes

Lippi, Giuseppe;
2024-01-01

Abstract

The coexistence of comorbidities has consistently been reported as a risk factor for an unfavorable prognosis in patients with COVID-19, significantly increasing the risk of severe complications, hospitalization, and mortality in COVID-19 patients. Preexisting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, such as coronary heart disease or heart failure, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, and physical inactivity/low cardiorespiratory fitness may increase the risk of COVID-19 severity and contribute to the severity of outcomes and prognosis. These comorbidities can complicate COVID-19 through various mechanisms, such as dysfunction of renin–angiotensin, circulatory, immunological, and blood coagulation systems. This chapter describes the connection between specific cardiovascular comorbidities and COVID-19 outcomes.
2024
9780443190919
Myocardial infarction; Mortality; Epidemiology; COVID-19
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1125642
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