Increased explainability in machine learning is traditionally associated with lower performance, e.g. a decision tree is more explainable, but less accurate than a deep neural network. We argue that, in fact, increasing the explainability of a deep classifier can improve its generalization. In this chapter, we survey a line of our published work that demonstrates how spatial and spatiotemporal visual explainability can be obtained, and how such explainability can be used to train models that generalize better on unseen in-domain and out-of-domain samples, refine fine-grained classification predictions, better utilize network capacity, and are more robust to network compression.

Beyond the Visual Analysis of Deep Model Saliency

Vittorio Murino
Supervision
;
2022

Abstract

Increased explainability in machine learning is traditionally associated with lower performance, e.g. a decision tree is more explainable, but less accurate than a deep neural network. We argue that, in fact, increasing the explainability of a deep classifier can improve its generalization. In this chapter, we survey a line of our published work that demonstrates how spatial and spatiotemporal visual explainability can be obtained, and how such explainability can be used to train models that generalize better on unseen in-domain and out-of-domain samples, refine fine-grained classification predictions, better utilize network capacity, and are more robust to network compression.
978-3-031-04082-5
explainable AI, saliency, deep learning, classification
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078428
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