. This chapter sketches the history of empirical reading research. Although Theodor Fechner, the father of Empirical Aesthetics, lived in the nineteenth century, and experiments in literary reading had taken place in previous centuries, the beginning of the twentieth century can be considered the birth of empirical studies of literature. By that time, three conditions for the birth of the discipline had already been met: (a) The understanding of aesthetic phenomena, such as literary reading, in psychological terms; (b) the development of proper experimental tools; and (c) the recognition of literary texts as aesthetic objects. In 1914, the term “empirical literary science” (“empirische Literaturwissenschaft”), which is still in use, appeared for the first time in a written document. This chapter describes the evolution of the research field, beginning with its forerunners in the nineteenth century, moving to Robert Chenault Givler’s, Karl Girgensohn’s, and I. A. Richards’ first experiments in literary reading at the beginning of the twentieth century, and finishing in the twenty-first century with the field’s international diffusion, its institutionalization, and the groundwork it has laid for current trends.

The History of the Empirical Study of Literature from the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century

Salgaro
2021

Abstract

. This chapter sketches the history of empirical reading research. Although Theodor Fechner, the father of Empirical Aesthetics, lived in the nineteenth century, and experiments in literary reading had taken place in previous centuries, the beginning of the twentieth century can be considered the birth of empirical studies of literature. By that time, three conditions for the birth of the discipline had already been met: (a) The understanding of aesthetic phenomena, such as literary reading, in psychological terms; (b) the development of proper experimental tools; and (c) the recognition of literary texts as aesthetic objects. In 1914, the term “empirical literary science” (“empirische Literaturwissenschaft”), which is still in use, appeared for the first time in a written document. This chapter describes the evolution of the research field, beginning with its forerunners in the nineteenth century, moving to Robert Chenault Givler’s, Karl Girgensohn’s, and I. A. Richards’ first experiments in literary reading at the beginning of the twentieth century, and finishing in the twenty-first century with the field’s international diffusion, its institutionalization, and the groundwork it has laid for current trends.
"history"; "empirical", "aesthetics"
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
History of Empirical Study of Literature_Salgaro.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso ristretto
Dimensione 10.87 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
10.87 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1051210
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact