This chapter focuses on Education and Training 2020 (ET 2020), a significant European policy framework that provides an integrated approach to education and training. The chapter identifies the main governance mechanisms and policy instruments used by the European Union (EU) institutions within ET 2020 that lead to increased domestic policy adaptation. It traces the development of the European policy objectives in the area of education and training and the transformation of governance ‘instrumentation’ that has been increasingly used to achieve policy coordination and domestic adaptation in the member states. Focusing on the structures and policy collaboration within the ET 2020 working groups, and peer-learning activities, the chapter identifies how these groups contribute to domestic adaptation through the mechanisms of standard-setting and elite-learning.
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