Valpolicella is an Italian wine-producing region famous for premium red wines. Valpolicella wines often undergo a minimum ageing period between 1 and 4 years, according to the wine type. Therefore, identifying relevant types of aroma precursors and the related chemical mechanisms behind aroma development during ageing is of great importance for Valpolicella wines. This study assessed free and glycosidically-bound terpene compounds of Valpolicella wines as potential precursors of different ageing-related terpenes using a model ageing experimental approach. Results showed that terpene profiles changed substantially with ageing. The occurrence of cyclic terpenes (p-menthane-1,8-diol, 1,8-cineole and 1,4-cineole) was mostly associated with the content of free monoterpenols, linalool in particular, in young wines, whereas glycosylated monoterpenols appeared to play a minor role. Accumulation of cineoles was strongly modulated with pH; in fact, low pH values promoted higher cineole yields.

Approaches to the classification of wine aroma ageing potential. Applications to the case of terpenoids in Valpolicella red wines

Giovanni Luzzini;Davide Slaghenaufi;Maurizio Ugliano
2022

Abstract

Valpolicella is an Italian wine-producing region famous for premium red wines. Valpolicella wines often undergo a minimum ageing period between 1 and 4 years, according to the wine type. Therefore, identifying relevant types of aroma precursors and the related chemical mechanisms behind aroma development during ageing is of great importance for Valpolicella wines. This study assessed free and glycosidically-bound terpene compounds of Valpolicella wines as potential precursors of different ageing-related terpenes using a model ageing experimental approach. Results showed that terpene profiles changed substantially with ageing. The occurrence of cyclic terpenes (p-menthane-1,8-diol, 1,8-cineole and 1,4-cineole) was mostly associated with the content of free monoterpenols, linalool in particular, in young wines, whereas glycosylated monoterpenols appeared to play a minor role. Accumulation of cineoles was strongly modulated with pH; in fact, low pH values promoted higher cineole yields.
Cineoles
Valpolicella
wine aging
terpenes
linalool
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078767
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