Aim: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart defect, with considerable risk of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study was to analyze clinical and echocardiographic presentation of BAV in a large-volume tertiary Italian center and to test their interaction with full age span, sex, and first diagnosis versus second referral. Methods: Consecutive patients of all ages diagnosed with BAV at our center from January 1988 to December 2012 were retrospectively included. Exclusion criteria were as follows: associated complex congenital cardiac disease, systemic syndrome, and previous cardiac surgery. Results: Eligible patients were 790, divided by age quartiles. Seventy-two percent of patients had any grade BAV dysfunction. Aortic valve stenosis was more frequent in the first (24%) and fourth (24%) quartiles. This corresponds to a double-peak stenosis severity curve, being more severe at a very young age and in the elderly. Aortic valve regurgitation was more prevalent in each quartile than stenosis, with a prevalence of 72% in the second quartile and 77% in the third quartile. This corresponds to a single-peak regurgitation severity curve, being more severe in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Patients with previously diagnosed BAV had more significant valve dysfunction in comparison to patients with first diagnosis of BAV, either stenosis (15% vs. 21%, P = 0.024) or regurgitation (58% vs. 68%, P = 0.006). Conclusion: The dominant BAV dysfunction in this large Northern Italian community is regurgitation, with higher severity of disease in the fourth and fifth decades of life.

Bicuspid aortic valve disease from infancy to older age: A 25-year experience from an Italian referral center

MariaAntonia Prioli;Annachiara Benini;Giovanni Benfari;Mara Pilati;
2021

Abstract

Aim: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart defect, with considerable risk of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the study was to analyze clinical and echocardiographic presentation of BAV in a large-volume tertiary Italian center and to test their interaction with full age span, sex, and first diagnosis versus second referral. Methods: Consecutive patients of all ages diagnosed with BAV at our center from January 1988 to December 2012 were retrospectively included. Exclusion criteria were as follows: associated complex congenital cardiac disease, systemic syndrome, and previous cardiac surgery. Results: Eligible patients were 790, divided by age quartiles. Seventy-two percent of patients had any grade BAV dysfunction. Aortic valve stenosis was more frequent in the first (24%) and fourth (24%) quartiles. This corresponds to a double-peak stenosis severity curve, being more severe at a very young age and in the elderly. Aortic valve regurgitation was more prevalent in each quartile than stenosis, with a prevalence of 72% in the second quartile and 77% in the third quartile. This corresponds to a single-peak regurgitation severity curve, being more severe in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Patients with previously diagnosed BAV had more significant valve dysfunction in comparison to patients with first diagnosis of BAV, either stenosis (15% vs. 21%, P = 0.024) or regurgitation (58% vs. 68%, P = 0.006). Conclusion: The dominant BAV dysfunction in this large Northern Italian community is regurgitation, with higher severity of disease in the fourth and fifth decades of life.
Aortic regurgitation
aortic stenosis
bicuspid aortic valve
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1046324
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