Study Objective: The effect of the different types of vaginal cuff closures on posthysterectomy sexual function has not been investigated in depth. We evaluated if there is a difference between transvaginal versus a laparoscopic closure after total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) on female sexual function, using a validated questionnaire.Design: Secondary analysis of a prospective randomized controlled trial.Setting: Three academic research centers.Patients: Women consenting to telephone interviews on their sexual life before and after undergoing TLH were included.Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to a laparoscopic or transvaginal approach for vaginal cuff closure at the end of TLH for benign indications.Measurements and Main Results: A validated questionnaire (the Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI]) was used to explore sexuality before and after the operation. Of the 1408 patients enrolled in the primary study, 400 patients were asked to complete the questionnaire. Of them, 182 ( 41.4%) were eligible and accepted enrollment in the present analysis. No difference was found in terms of pre- and postoperative FSFI scores between groups. Patients with a low preoperative FSFI score (<26.55) had a significantly higher likelihood of having a postoperative sexual disorder (p < .001). Women who received bilateral adnexectomy before menopause and those with postoperative vaginal cuff hematoma had a significantly lower postoperative FSFI score (p = .001 and p = .04, respectively). After multivariable analysis, both variables maintained at least a tendency toward an association with a lower postoperative FSFI score (odds ratio, 2.696; 95% confidence interval, 1.010-7.194; p = 0.048 and p = 0.053; odds ratio, 13.2; 95% confidence interval,.966-180.5, respectively).Conclusion: Transvaginal and laparoscopic cuff closures after TLH have similar sexual postoperative outcomes. A patient with sexual problems before TLH is more likely to have a low FSFI score postoperatively. Premenopausal patients undergoing bilateral ovariectomy and those with postoperative vaginal cuff hematoma have a worse postoperative sexual life. (C) 2019 AAGL. All rights reserved.

Sexual Function following Laparoscopic versus Transvaginal Closure of the Vaginal Vault after Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Trial by the Italian Society of Gynecological Endoscopy Using a Validated Questionnaire

Stefano Uccella;Matteo Ricco';Pier Carlo Zorzato;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Study Objective: The effect of the different types of vaginal cuff closures on posthysterectomy sexual function has not been investigated in depth. We evaluated if there is a difference between transvaginal versus a laparoscopic closure after total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) on female sexual function, using a validated questionnaire.Design: Secondary analysis of a prospective randomized controlled trial.Setting: Three academic research centers.Patients: Women consenting to telephone interviews on their sexual life before and after undergoing TLH were included.Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to a laparoscopic or transvaginal approach for vaginal cuff closure at the end of TLH for benign indications.Measurements and Main Results: A validated questionnaire (the Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI]) was used to explore sexuality before and after the operation. Of the 1408 patients enrolled in the primary study, 400 patients were asked to complete the questionnaire. Of them, 182 ( 41.4%) were eligible and accepted enrollment in the present analysis. No difference was found in terms of pre- and postoperative FSFI scores between groups. Patients with a low preoperative FSFI score (<26.55) had a significantly higher likelihood of having a postoperative sexual disorder (p < .001). Women who received bilateral adnexectomy before menopause and those with postoperative vaginal cuff hematoma had a significantly lower postoperative FSFI score (p = .001 and p = .04, respectively). After multivariable analysis, both variables maintained at least a tendency toward an association with a lower postoperative FSFI score (odds ratio, 2.696; 95% confidence interval, 1.010-7.194; p = 0.048 and p = 0.053; odds ratio, 13.2; 95% confidence interval,.966-180.5, respectively).Conclusion: Transvaginal and laparoscopic cuff closures after TLH have similar sexual postoperative outcomes. A patient with sexual problems before TLH is more likely to have a low FSFI score postoperatively. Premenopausal patients undergoing bilateral ovariectomy and those with postoperative vaginal cuff hematoma have a worse postoperative sexual life. (C) 2019 AAGL. All rights reserved.
2019
Laparoscopic hysterectomy
Vaginal cuff closure
Sexual outcome
FSFI
Vaginal cuff dehiscence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1126814
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