The management of fish allergy relies on the elimination of all fish from the diet. Nevertheless, an exclusion diet can be problematic from a paediatric nutritional perspective. The issue of a substitute diet for children suffering from fish allergy seems to be not adequately addressed and the consequences of a fish exclusion diet in paediatric age are not known. Fish has an important nutritional value, it is rich in vitamins of group B, D and A, selenium, calcium and phosphorus, iron, zinc, magnesium, iodine and omega-3. While vitamins and iodine are normally present in the diet, omega-3 is present in few other foods, such as vegetable seed oils and nuts. Hence, the scientific research indicates a generic advice regarding a possible omega-3 supplementation in children with fish allergy. Given the knowledge about omega-3 supplementation having a potential good risk-benefit ratio and the absence of serious adverse events related to the omega-3 supplementation, this type of supplementation may seem advisable in children affected by fish allergy.
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