The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to evaluate if epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) quantity and quality, as evaluated by computed tomography (CT), have a different role in the risk of mortality and pulmonary embolism in critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Subjects/Methods CT derived EAT volume and density, as well as anthropometric and blood biomarkers, were evaluated in a sample of 138 subjects, 109 men and 29 women, for whom CT images and information on pulmonary embolism were available from a total of 313 subjects who were consecutively admitted to the ICU for COVID-19 from the REINSURE-ARDS prospective registry. Results A total of 28 patients (20.3%) died during the first 28 days after ICU admission. 26 subjects out of 138 had pulmonary embolism (18.8%). Age, weight, BMI, IL-6 levels and pulmonary embolism prevalence were significantly higher across EAT volume tertiles. Subjects who died in the first 28 days from ICU admission were older, had higher EAT volume, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6 level. After adjustment for age and gender, participants in tertile 3 of EAT volume had lower survival at 28 days from ICU admission as compared to subjects in the tertile 1, HR 2.95 (95% C.I. 1.02-8.49), but after adjusting for potential confounders the relation was no longer significant. No relation between EAT density and mortality was observed. From a binary logistic regression, subjects in tertile 3 of EAT volume and in tertile 1 of EAT density showed a 4 times and 3.6 times increased risk of pulmonary embolism, respectively. Conclusions ICU subjects affected by severe COVID-19 with higher EAT volume and low EAT density should be carefully monitored and managed with a prompt and aggressive approach, to prevent serious and life-threatening consequences and the increase of hospital treatment costs.

Epicardial adipose tissue volume and CT-attenuation as prognostic factors for pulmonary embolism and mortality in critically ill patients affected by COVID-19

Donadello, Katia;Schweiger, Vittorio;Zamboni, Giulia A;Valle, Zeno Dalla;Zamboni, Mauro;Polati, Enrico;Gottin, Leonardo
2022

Abstract

The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to evaluate if epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) quantity and quality, as evaluated by computed tomography (CT), have a different role in the risk of mortality and pulmonary embolism in critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Subjects/Methods CT derived EAT volume and density, as well as anthropometric and blood biomarkers, were evaluated in a sample of 138 subjects, 109 men and 29 women, for whom CT images and information on pulmonary embolism were available from a total of 313 subjects who were consecutively admitted to the ICU for COVID-19 from the REINSURE-ARDS prospective registry. Results A total of 28 patients (20.3%) died during the first 28 days after ICU admission. 26 subjects out of 138 had pulmonary embolism (18.8%). Age, weight, BMI, IL-6 levels and pulmonary embolism prevalence were significantly higher across EAT volume tertiles. Subjects who died in the first 28 days from ICU admission were older, had higher EAT volume, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6 level. After adjustment for age and gender, participants in tertile 3 of EAT volume had lower survival at 28 days from ICU admission as compared to subjects in the tertile 1, HR 2.95 (95% C.I. 1.02-8.49), but after adjusting for potential confounders the relation was no longer significant. No relation between EAT density and mortality was observed. From a binary logistic regression, subjects in tertile 3 of EAT volume and in tertile 1 of EAT density showed a 4 times and 3.6 times increased risk of pulmonary embolism, respectively. Conclusions ICU subjects affected by severe COVID-19 with higher EAT volume and low EAT density should be carefully monitored and managed with a prompt and aggressive approach, to prevent serious and life-threatening consequences and the increase of hospital treatment costs.
critically ill patients, obesity, pulmonary thromboembolism, COVID-19
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
epicardial adipose tissue and CT attenuation as prognostic factor covid 19.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 364.5 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
364.5 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1075147
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact